They also have hypnotic, anticonvulsant and muscle-relaxing activities, but do not exhibit analgesic action or antipsychotic activity.The representatives of this group are: Nonbenzodiazepine “Z-drugs” sedative-hypnotics are drugs that differ in structure from benzodiazepines, but acts on a subset of the benzodiazepine receptor family known as BZ1.Not all anti-anxiety medications are the same, and it is important to make a distinction between the different classes of medications used to treat anxiety.This is because the risks and benefits associated with each medication class can vary dramatically.Why Might Hydroxyzine Be Used Over Other Anxiety Medications?The antihistamine hydroxyzine isn’t the most well-known medication for anxiety disorders.These are some of the important questions you’ll need to consider when deciding if anxiety medication is right for you. Many different types of medications are used in the treatment of anxiety disorders, including traditional anti-anxiety drugs such as benzodiazepines (typically prescribed for short-term use) and newer options like SSRI antidepressants (often recommended as a long-term anxiety solution).These drugs can provide temporary relief, but they also come with side effects and safety concerns—some significant. In fact, there are many questions about their long-term effectiveness.
And a recent analysis reported in found that the effectiveness of SSRIs in treating anxiety has been overestimated, and in some cases is no better than placebo.
This may be particularly true in the primary care setting, where anxiety disorders are frequently treated.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has been shown to be as effective as medications for anxiety disorders and is considered to be first-line treatment for these conditions.
Besides those two groups of drugs, other sedatives are also used for that purpose.
Barbiturates are nonselective CNS depressants that used to be the mainstay of treatment to sedate patients or to induce and maintain sleep.